Page Loading

 

 

 

Gallery Ezakwantu

African Art  - Art Africain - Tribal Art -  菲洲艺术 - Afrikanische Kunst

 

Central and Southern African Tribal Art

   Home                                                                       Visit our Gallery Thumbs                                                                     Contact

 

 

 

Southern African Tobacco Bags

Poches de Tabac Africaines - Afrikanischer Tabakbeutel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tobacco Bags - Eastern Cape

 

Ingxowa / Ikhubalo

 

 

        

 

                            Red Blanket Valley - Pg 140                                                   Nelson Mandela

                       Tobacco bag vendor - Circa 1950

 

The Fengu or Mfengu, Thembu and Xhosa all used tobacco bags. Over time, they developed into body adornment, as did the use of a pipe itself. A person was socially out of step if not in possession of either of these decorative items.

 

Woman's Tobacco Bags

 

Both men and woman's tobacco bags were made from white cotton baize. In earlier times, some were made from hide. Bags were decorated with cotton braid and / or beadwork. In the case of the example above, leather beaded goat hide streamers with colorful rings decorated either side. Woman  carried a supply of home-grown tobacco leaves and a pipe in the bag. She might also include a small mirror, a tin of snuff, a tinderbox for lighting, matches and a handkerchief tied in a knot containing her shopping money.

 

 


 

Ivy Albums - Lynn Accutt - Circa 1900 - Woman lighting pipe from flint stored in a tinderbox.
 

Heavily beaded tobacco bags of Tembu origin follow.

 

Click Thumbnails for Larger Images

Tassels on woman's tobacco bag were shorter then those found on men's. They were made from leather, cord, or cotton wool and were more often then not beaded.

 

Click Thumbnails for Larger Images

 

 Tobacco bags might be hung from a strap over the shoulder to rest on the wearer’s hip, or worn on the chest.

 

 

Men's Tobacco Bags

 

 

       

 

                             Joan Broster - Red Blanket Valley - Page 18                       Barbara Tyrrell - Thembu at Qwathi

 

Though women wore traditional dress more often than men, when worn, men's attire outshined that of the women. Men added a number of tobacco bags to compliment their outlandish attire. Leather or cotton streamers were treble the length "or more", when compared to those woman wore. 

 

Click Thumbnails for Larger Images

 

These male Thembu tobacco bags date to the 1950's - 1960's and were called "ikhubalo". The example on the left was collected in the Hershel District, while the very large center example and the one to the right were collected in Quebe, an area in and around Joan Broster's RED BLANKET VALLEY.

 

 

   

Circa 1960's - 1970's Postcard

 

Men wore the tobacco bag like a garment. They confirmed status and wealth.

 

 

 

In our view, this is the most exceptional example of a Thembu 20th century male tobacco bag available anywhere. It has three sealed, beaded, leather pouches on each side of it's leather streamers - contents unknown.

 

 

Photographed at Mbiza between 1904 and 1905 at Uncle Van Vasco da Gama van Blommenstein Trading Store.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Contact us for individual prices.       Scroll Down

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mfengu Mans Tobacco Bag

 

Ingxowa Bokwe

 

 

         

 

The Magic World of the Xhosa - Page 34 - Aubrey Elliot

 

Large tobacco bags worn by males are called Ingxowa Bokwe. Aubrey Elliot wrote in his book The Magic World of the Xhosa; The man’s bag is quite different and more masculine. It is made from a wild domestic animal’s skin. The particular skin used, to some extent, owes its popularity to the fashion in a clan in the same way as does the pattern by which it is made up. In the Ncera area, near Kidd’s beach where I lived as a child, the popular bag was a tubular one made of monkey skin. In other areas goat skins are used for this purpose.

 

 

 

 

Our tobacco bag was made from a reversed goat hide and worn by males.

 

 

 

 

These large tobacco bags were worn by men to carry home grown leaf tobacco and other items, but their main intent was to add to the wearers adornment and prestige.  

 

 

                          

 

                        Annals of the South African Museum Volume 58  March 1988 Part 4                             Ezakwantu - Beadwork from the Eastern Cape

                                                    The Material Culture of the Cape Nguni                                                                          Fig 58 - Page 105

                                       Part 4 Personal & General by E.M.Shaw & N.J.Warmelo

 

 

 

 

 

This example is the most highly decorated specimen known to us. The bag  is overloaded with beadwork, bells, coins and thimbles, all adding sound and visual impact. The article was made to send a powerful statement to onlookers.

 

 

 

The tail of the backpack heavily beaded on both sides.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Galerie Ezakwantu

Southern African Tribal Art - African Art 

 

Central and Southern African Tribal Art

 

Art Africain      頂级菲洲艺术品中心     Afrikanische Kunst     Außereuropäische Kunst

 

 

 

   Home                                                                                                                                                                                Contact

 

 

Subscribe to our quarterly Newsletter here!

 

Contact us for larger resolution images and / or prices of specific objects.

 

 

Visit our Gallery Thumbs:

 

African Adornment - African Axes - African Basketry - African Beadwork - African Beer Cups - African Beer Pots - Colonial Figures - African Containers - Contemporary African Art - African Costume - African Currency - African Dolls - African Figures - African Hair Combs - African Headdresses - African Wigs - African Headrests - African Neck Rests - African Masks - Masques Africains - African Meat Platters - African Milk Pails - Miscellaneous Objects African Musical Instruments - African Jewelry - African Jewellery - African Pipes - African Shields - African Snuff  Spoons - African Snuff Bottles - African Spoons - African Ladles - African Staffs - African Status Objects - African Stools - African Thrones - African Tobacco Bags - Central African Weapons - Southern African Weapons - North African Weapons - Other Weapons - Zulu Imbenge Pot Covers

 

 

 

Home

 

Copyright © 2002 - 2014  www.ezakwantu.com  / ALL RIGHTS RESERVED -  Web Design and Photography - Gallery Ezakwantu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hit Counter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tobacco pipe,  african beadwork tribal beadworkadornment  beadwork artefacts tribal costume