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Gallery Ezakwantu

African Art  - Art Africain - Tribal Art -  菲洲艺术 - Afrikanische Kunst

 

Central and Southern African Tribal Art

 

 

   

 

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South African Chiefs and Kings

 

Southern African Traditional Rulers

 

Historical Nation States - South Africa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rulers of South Africa

 

South Africa's pre and post contact tribal rulers listed.

 

Nelson Mandela

 

 

 

This picture shows Nelson Mandela dressed with beadwork. It was taken in the 1960's. The photograph could not be shown and was illegal to posses, up until the ANC was un-banned and Mandela released from Prison in the early 1990's. The picture was a  banned photograph.

 

Photographers

 

Lynn Acutt

A. M. Duggan-Cronin

Peter Jurgens

Constance Stuart-Larabee

Barbara Tyrrell

African Art Center - Durban

 

 

Historical nation-states of present-day South Africa

 

(including Boer republics and TBVC states)


Mapungubwe (1050-1270)
Swellendam (1795)
Graaff Reinet (1795-1796)
Waterboer's Land (1813-1871)
Adam Kok's Land (1825-1861)
Winburg (1836-1844)
Potchefstroom (1837-1844)
Potchefstroom, North West (1844-1848)
Republic of Utrecht (1854-1858)
Lydenburg Republic (1856-1860)
Nieuw Republiek (1884-1888)
Griqualand East (1861-1879)
Griqualand West (1870)
Klein Vrystaat (1886-1891)
Stellaland (1882-1885)
Goshen (South Africa) (1882-1883)
Zululand (1816-1897)
Natalia Republic (18391843)
Orange Free State (1854-1902)
South African Republic (1857-1902)
Union of South Africa (19101961)
Bophuthatswana (1977-1994)
Ciskei (1981-1994)
Transkei (1976-1994)
Venda (1979-1994)
Republic of South Africa (1961-present)


South Africa's pre and post contact rulers listed.

 

 

Information provided by Rulers.Org

 

 

amaHlubi

 

  

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin

 

 

Incorporated into the Cape Colony 11 Dec 1873
Chiefs/Kings (title Nkosi)
... - ... Bungane Hlubi
... - 1817 Mthimkulu
1817 - 1825 Mpangazitha = Pakalita
*1845 - 11 Dec 1873 Langalibalele a Mthimkulu
= Mthethwa (b. 1818 - d. 1889)



kwaNdebele

 

 

 

Photography - Constance Stuart-Larabee

 

 

Chiefs/Kings
- amaNdzundza dynasty -
*1826* Mabhg a Magodongo Mahlangu
1830 - 1860 Mkhepula Soqaleni Sonyengele
Cornelius a Mabhg Mahlangu
1860 - 1863 Gabongo a Mabhg Mahlangu
(acting)
1863 - 19 Dec 1902 Nyabla a Mabhg Mahlangu (b. 1825/30 - d. 1902)
(acting)
1904 - 1921 Fene a Mkhepula Mahlangu

 

 

 

 

Photography - Lynn Acutt

 


1921 - 1961 Mayitjha Cornelius II (b. ... - d. 1961)
1961 - 6 Jul 1992 David Mabusa Mabhg Mahlangu (b. ... - d. 1992)
1992 - Mayitjha Cornelius III (b. 1947)

Ndebele - Khumalo (Zulu Splinter Group)

 

1820 - 1868 Mzilikazi Khumalo
1870 - 1894 Lobhengula Khumalo
1896 - 1925 Nyamande Khumalo

 

 

baPedi

 

   

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin


Chiefs/Kings
- Maroteng dynasty -
*1790 - 1824 Thulare a Morwamothse = Madile
= Mampuru "Sepitle-sa-Mangana"
1824 - 1825 Malekutu a Thulare
1824 - 1825 Makgeru a Thulare (rival ruler)
1825 - 1826 Phethedi a Thulare
1825 - 1826 Motodi a Morwamothse (rival ruler)
1827 - 20 Sep 1861 Sekwati a Thulare (b. ... - d. 1861)
1861 Mampuru a Sekwati (1st time)
1861 - 2 Dec 1879 Sekhkhune I a Sekwati (1st time) (b. ... - d. 1882)

 

 

King Sekukhune I - Photographer Unknown


Dec 1879 - 1881 Mampuru a Sekwati (2nd time)
+ Ramoroka (acting)
1881 - 13 Aug 1882 Sekhkhune I a Sekwati (2nd time) (s.a.)
Split into two ruling lines:
(1)
1882 - ... Kgolokwe a Sekwati (acting)
... - 1 Jun 1943 Sekhkhune II a Morwamothse
1 Jun 1943 - 19.. Phatudi a Morwamothse (acting)
19.. - Morwamothse a Sekhkhune

(2)
1882 - ... Malekutu a Mampuru
*1971* Sekwati a Malekutu
 


baTswana

 

    

                                       

                 Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin                                                 Photographer Unknown

 

 


Note: This record contains baTswana groups other than those recorded under Botswanan traditional polities. The baTlhaping split before 1800 into baTlhaping bagaPhuduhudu and baTlhaping bagaPhuduhutswane.
 

 

(1) baTlhaping bagaPhuduhudu

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
... Mabogole a Maditlhong
... Motshabi a Mabogole
... Mmolawa a Ditlhong a Motshabi
*1885* Mere a Mmolawa = Molehe a Mmolawa
1895 - 9 Apr 1910 Gaseemelwe a Mere
1910 - 1 Oct 1925 Mabogole a Mere (acting)
1 Oct 1925 - 1 Apr 1933 Lerumo a Ditu a Gaseemelwe
1 Sep 1933 - Oomang Gaseemelwe

(2) baTlhaping bagaPhuduhutswane

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
1775 - Mar 1812 Molehabangwe a Maswe
Mar 1812 - 1839 Mothibi a Molehabangwe
Split into four ruling lines:
(2-1)
1839 - ... Molale a Molehabangwe
... - ... Mahura a Molehabangwe (acting)
Split into two lines:
(2-1-1)
*1850 - 1891 Mankurwane a Molale
1891 - ... Nolale a Mankurwane
*1950* Kgosietsile a Molale

(2-1-2)
... - 7 Mar 1906 Mase a Mahura
2 May 1906 - 12 Jun 1918 Tholotitane a Mase
13 Jul 1918 - 11 Jul 1933 Goabakwe Gert Bogosing a Mase
11 Jul 1933 - 1 Oct 1933 Kgosimodipa a Mahura (acting)
1 Oct 1933 - 25 Jun 1958 Lekwe Mahura a Goabakwe
25 Jun 1958 - 5 Nov 1958 Rankalaka a Mahura (acting)
5 Nov 1958 - Modisakgomo George Vantrude
Mahura a Goabakwe

(2-2)
1839 - 1884 Saku a Molehabangwe
1884 - May 1906 Tlhaganyane a Saku
25 May 1906 - 1 Apr 1951 Pull Johnson a Tlhaganyane
1 Apr 1951 - Kain Alfred Tlhaganyane a Pull

(2-3)
1839 - 13 Aug 1858 Gasebonwe a Mothibi
(probably acting for demented Phethuetsile a Mothibi)
1858 - 1885* Botlhasitse a Gasebonwe
*1895 - 1927 Galesiwe a Botlhasitse

(2-4)
1839 - 1884 Yanke a Mothibi = Jantje
1884 - ... Mpolokeng Luka a Yanke
... - Olebile De Voljk a Yanke
 


(3) baTlkwa

 


 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin
 

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
... - ... MmaMane (f) (acting)
... - 1817 Mokotjo
1817 - 1824 Monyale a Mothaba (later called
MmaNtatise Sia Mosayane) (f)
(acting)
1824 - Jul 1856 Sekonyela a Mokotjo
Jul 1856 - ... Leligoanna + Lehana

(4) baRlng baRratlou

1885 incorporated into Cape Colony (Bechuanaland)

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
... - ... Rratlou a Tau
Split into baRlng baRratlou booMariba and baRlng baRratlou booSeitshiro:
(4-1) baRlng baRratlou booMariba

... - ... Mariba a Rratlou
... - ... Mokalala a Rratlou (acting)
Split into two ruling lines:
(4-1-1)
... - ... Moamogw a Mariba
... - ... Molal a Moamogw (acting)
... - 1873 Maiketso a Moamogw (acting to ...)
1873 - ... Bonokwane a Maiketso (acting)
... - 1925 Marumolwa a Mothibi
1925 - 1938 Lekk a Marumolwa
1938 - 1942 Sebalamonokwane a Lekk (acting)
1942 - Dintsa a Marumolwa (acting)

(4-1-2)
... - 1833 Motshware a Mariba
1833 - 1883 Makgobi a Motshware
1883 - 1909 Makgobi Motsewakhumo a Makgobi
1909 - 1915 Makgobi Motsewakhumo
1915 - 1933 Kgositau a Motsewakhumo
(acting to 1923)
1933 - Tshipitta a Kgositau

(4-2) baRlng baRratlou booSeitshiro

... - ... Seitshiro a Rratlou
... - ... Mosweu a Seitshiro
... - 1835 Tsia a Mosweu (acting)
1835 - 1840 Matlhaku a Sekgw
1840 - 1853 Gontse a Mokt (acting)
1853 - 1870 Masisi a Matlhaku
1870 - 1871 Mostlh a Sekgw (acting)
1871 - 1904 Moswt a Sekgoro
1904 - 1944 Kgosi Aaron a Moswt
1944 - 1949 Oabile Benjamin Moswt a Kgosi
(acting)
1949 - Kgosi Gilbert Aaron a Sekgoro Ruben

(5) baRlng baSeleka

Jul 1884 incorporated into Orange Free State

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
1777 - 1785 Seleka a Tau
1785 - 1794 Mpolokang "Koikoi" a Seleka
1795 - 1800 Morka a Mpolokang
1800 - 1805 Mokgosi a Morka
1805 - 1829 Sehunl a Morka (acting)
1829 - 1830 Setile a Mokgosi
1830 - 8 Apr 1880 Morka a Sehunl
8 Apr 1880 - 10 Jul 1884 Samuel Tshipinare a Morka
10 Jul 1884 - 1912 Robert Tawana a Tshipinare
1912 - ... Setlogl a Tawana

(6) baRlng baRrapulana

1885 incorporated into Cape Colony (Bechuanaland)

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
... - ... Rrapulana a Tau
... - ... Modise a Rrapulana (acting)
... - ... Molkane a Rrapulana
... - 1836 Makgwa a Molkane
1836 - 1879 Matlaba a Makgwa
1879 - 1887 Swedintle a Matlaba
1887 - 1901 Mokgothu Andries a Matlaba (acting)
1901 - 1909 Montshusi a Matlaba (acting)
1909 - 1936 Israel Makgwa Ramolekane a Swedintle
1936 - 1948 Paul Matlaba Matlaba a Swedintle
(acting)
1948 - Solomon Gabriel Swedintle Matlaba
a Makgwa

(7) baHhurutshe (split before 1800 into two ruling lines)

1885 incorporated into Cape Colony (Bechuanaland)

Chiefs (title Kgsi)
(7-1)
... - ... Modisane a Phatshwane
... - 1827 Motshwiri a Modisane
1827 - 1878 Mangope a Motshwiri
1878 - 1893 Kontle a Mangope
1893 - ... Mosielele a Kntle
... - Hermann Mangope a Mosielele
(7-2)
... - ... Moilwa a Tirw
... - ... Dibetswe a Moilwa
... - ... Sebogodi a Moilwa
... - ... Diutlwileng a Moilwa
... - ... Mokgatlha a Moilwa = Mosimanyane
a Moilwa
... - ... Moilwa a Sebogodi (acting)
Split into baHhurutshe ba booMokgatlha and baHhurutshe bagaMoilwa:
(7-2-1) baHhurutshe ba booMokgatlha

... - ... Mekgw a Mokgatlha
... - ... Senosi a Mekgw
*1874* Mooketsi a Senosi
18.. - 1889 Mokgatlha a Mooketsi
1889 - 1892 Lesom a Mokgatlha
1892 - 24 Aug 1933 Thbyatlhaywa Mooketsi a Lesom
21 Dec 1933 - Ng Mooketsi a Thbyatlhaywa

(7-2-2) baHhurutshe bagaMoilwa

... - ... Moilwa a Sebogodi
... - Mar 1880 Gpane a Menw
Split into two ruling lines:
(7-2-2-1)
Mar 1880 - 24 Jun 1893 Moilwa Ikalafeng a Sebogodi
1894 - 1906 Israel Keobusitse Moilwa a
Sebogodi (acting)
1906 - 17 Oct 1918 Abraham Pogiso Moilwa a Ikalafeng
1919 - 1932 Alfred Ramokhutshwane a Ikalafeng
(acting)
1932 - Abraham Grant Ramotsere Pogiso
Moilwa

(7-2-2-2)
Mar 1880 - 26 Sep 1904 Gpane a Menw
1904 - 1907 Tom Mokgatlha a Lentswe (acting)
1907 - 1919 Samuel Rampeile a Lentswe
(1st time) (acting)
1919 - 18 Sep 1919 Kgaje David Menw a Rrakgaje
(acting)
1919 - 19 Oct 1920 Samuel Rampeile a Lentswe
(2nd time) (acting)
1920 - 1921 Sulenyane (administrator)
Split into two ruling lines:
(7-2-2-2-1)
1921 - 1 Jun 1934 Jairus Yanjo a Gpane
2 Aug 1934 - 1938 Tom Gpane a Gpane (acting)
10 Nov 1938 - Alfred Ntlatsang Jairus Gpane
a Jairus

(7-2-2-2-2) baHhurutshe bagaLentswe

1921 - 1924 Kgaje David Menw a Rrakgaje
Oct 1924 - 1939 Mpolokang Menw a Rrakgaje
1939 - 3 Aug 1949 Henry Lentse a Mokgatlha (acting)
3 Aug 1949 - Edward Keleramang Ramokopane
Lentswe a Kgaje

___

 BAKGATLA

1810 - Senwl a Molef

___

(Ba Mocha at Masube or Pankop)

1810 Phopolo Maloka

1860 - Mpoko Maloka

1922 - Phopolo 2nd Maloka

MOKOPANE MALOKA

 1974 - Sello Hendry Maloka

1988 Justinus Ntokolo Maloka (current 2008)


vhaVenda

 

  

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin


Paramount chiefs (title Khosikhulu)
- maKhwinde dynasty -
... - ... Vele-Lambeho Dimbanyika
... - ... Phophi Thoho-ya-Ndou wa
Dimbanyika = Masindi
Split into three ruling lines:
(1)
... - ... Tshikalanga Rampofu wa
Thoho-ya-Ndou
... - ... Ramavhoya wa Rampofu
... - 1864 Tshigebeti Ramapulana wa Rampofu
= Ravhele
1864 Davhana wa Ramapulana
1864 - 1895 Makhado wa Ramavhoya (b. ... - d. 1895)
1895 - 1896 Maemu Malise wa Makhado
1896 - 1898 Mphephu Ahlilali Tshilamulele
wa Makhado
1898 - ... Senthumule wa Makhado
Split into three ruling lines:
(1-1)
... - 1924 Mphephu Ahlilali Tshilamulele
wa Makhado (b. ... - d. 1924)
1924 - 1949 Mbulaheni wa Mphephu (b. ... - d. 1949)

 

                          

Photography - Peter Jurgens - Barbara Tyrrell


1949 - 17 Apr 1988 Patrick Mphephu (b. 1926 - d. 1988)
1988 - 25 Dec 1997 Tshimangadzo Mphephu (b. 1967 - d. 1997)
1998 - Toni Mphephu Ramabulana

(1-2)
*1931* Senthumule wa Makhado

(1-3)
*1931* Khuthama wa Makhado

(2)
... - ... Thisevhe wa Dimbanyika
+ Bele wa Dimbanyika
(3)
... - ... Raluswyelo Tshivhase wa Dimbanyika
Split into two ruling lines:
(3-1)
... - ... Mukesi wa Tshivhase
... - ... Legegisa Tshivhase wa Mukesi
*1931* Ramaremisa Tshivhase wa Legegisa
... - ... Ratshimpi Tshivhase wa Ramaremisa

(3-2)
... - ... Phophi Rambuda wa Tshivhase
... - ... Vele wa Rambuda
... - ... Tshikose Rambuda wa Vele
Split into two ruling lines:
(3-2-1)
... - 1924 Tshikose Rambuda wa Vele
1924 - ... Ratsibvumo Rambuda wa Tshikose

(3-2-2)
... - 1923 Khaku Rambuda wa Vele
1923 - ... Tshitongani Rambuda wa Khaku
haMphaphuli
Paramount chiefs (title Khosikhulu)
- haMphaphuli dynasty -
... - ... Shamboko Mphaphuli
... - ... Ratsibi Mphaphuli
... - ... Tshikalanga Mphaphuli wa Ratsibi
... - 1927 Makwarela Mphaphuli wa Tshikalanga
1927 - ... Phaswane Mphaphuli wa Makwarela
18 Dec 2001 - Thovhele Musiiwa Mphaphuli

 

 

Xhosa

 

 

Van Vasco da Gama van Blommensteinat at Mbiza  - 1904


Note: All the entities recorded here are, with the exception of the amaGqunukhwebe recorded at the end, genealogically descendants of Xhosa a Mnguni through his descendant Tshawe a Nkosiyamntu, after whom the dynasty is styled amaTshawe. The amaGcaleka are the senior line, and are to some extend deferred to by all the others. 1885 incorporation into Cape Colony
 

 

(1) amaGcaleka

 

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin

 

Note: Although the term amaGcaleka comes into use with Gcaleka a Phalo, the line from Ngconde a Togu is included to make sense of the genealogical connections.

 

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)


1695 - ... Ngconde a Togu
... - 1702 Tshiwo a Ngconde
1702 - 1736 Mdange a Ngconde (acting)
1736 - 1775 Phalo a Tshiwo (b. ... - d. 1775)
1775 - 1792 Gcaleka a Phalo (b. c.1730 - d. 1792)
1792 - 1804 Khawuta a Gcaleka (b. c.1761 - d. 1804)
1804 - 1820 Nqoko a Gcaleka (acting)
1820 - 12 May 1835 Hintsa a Khawuta (b. 1789 - d. 1835)
19 May 1835 - Feb 1893 Sarhili a Hintsa (b. c.1810 - d. 1893)
1893 - 1902 Sigcawu a Sarhili (b. ... - d. 1902)
1902 - 30 May 1921 Salukaphathwa Gwebinkumbi a
Sigcawu (b. ... - d. 1921)
1 Aug 1921 - 31 Dec 1923 Daliza a Sigcawu (acting)
31 Dec 1923 - 2 Jun 1933 Mpisekhaya Ngangomhlaba Sigcawu
a Gwebinkumbi (b. ... - d. 1933)
2 Jun 1933 - 9 Apr 1965 Bungeni Zwelidumile Sigcawu
a Gwebinkumbi (b. 1906 - d. 1965)
1965 - 31 Dec 2005 Xolilizwe Sigcawu (b. 1926 - d. 2005)
27 Jan 2006 - Zwelonke Sigcawu (b. 1969?)

(2) amaMbalu

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
1740 - 1794 Ulanga a Phalo (b. c.1705 - d. 1794)
1794 - 1 Apr 1846 Ngqeno a Ulanga (b. c.1759 - d. 1846)
1846 - ... Stockwe a Ngqeno

(3) amaRharhabe

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
1773 - 1787 Rharhabe a Phalo (b. c.1722 - d. 1787)
1787 - 1797 Ndlambe a Rharhabe (acting) (b. c.1740 - d. 1828)
1797 - 14 Nov 1829 Ngqika a Mlawu
1829 - 1840 Maqoma Jongumsobomvu a Ngqika
(acting)
1840 - 29 May 1878 Sandile a Ngqika (b. 1820 - d. 1878)
1878 - ... Edmund Gonya a Sandile
*1932* Fhaku a Gonya
*1954* Archibald Velile a Fhaku
= Archibald Sandile
*1995 - Maxhob'ayakhawuleza Sandile a
Mxolisi

(4) amaNdlambe

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
1797 - 10 Feb 1828 Ndlambe a Rharhabe (s.a.)
Feb 1828 - 1858 Mhala a Ndlambe (b. 1800 - d. 1875)

(5) imiDushane kaNdlambe

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
1818 - 1829 Mdushane a Ndlambe
1829 - 1834 Mqhayi a Ndlambe (acting)
1834 - 18.. Siyolo (acting)
18.. - 11 Dec 1879 Siwani a Mdushane
1879 - 1900 Seyisi a Siwani (acting)
1900 - 22 Dec 1919 Menziwa a Siwani
23 Dec 1919 - 10 Dec 1942 Gushiphela Siwani a Menziwa
1 Feb 1943 - 30 Mar 1957 Nofikile a Ngongo (f) (acting)
30 Mar 1957 - Apr 1994 Zimlindile Payment Muyaka
Siwani a Gushiphela (b. ... - d. 1994)

(6) imiQhayi

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
Feb 1828 - 1877 Mqhayi a Ndlambe
1877 - 1908 Jali a Mqhayi
1 Apr 1908 - 23 Feb 1941 Ramncwanaka a Jali
1 Sep 1942 - 8 Aug 1943 Enoch a Ramncwanaka
14 Feb 1944 - 5 Nov 1952 Bofolo a Ntonisi a Dondashe
(acting)
20 Apr 1953 - 19.. Nonayithi Jali a Mthathi (f)
(acting)
19.. - Mabundu Bangelizwe Jali a Enoch

(7) amaGasela

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
... - 1845 Gasela a Nukwa a Phalo
1845 - ... Toyise a Gasela
... - 1908 Dom a Toyise
1908 - 2 Apr 1923 Khadeni a Dom
3 Apr 1923 - 22 Dec 1937 Nqabisile a Khadeni
14 Jan 1938 - 31 Mar 1945 Zwelinzima Gladstone Gwaxagwaxa
a Khadeni
31 Mar 1945 - 8 Oct 1946 Gugile Toyise a Dyantyi (acting)
14 Feb 1947 - Mabikhwe Zwelandile a Mzamo

(8) amaGwali

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
1702 - 1725 Gwali a Tshiwo
1725 - 17.. Titi a Gwali
17.. - ... Kobela a Titi
... - ... Mhade a Kobela
... - ... Zweni a Mhade

(9) imiNdange

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
1720 - ... Mdange a Ngconde
... - ... Mahote a Mdange
... - ... Jalamba a Mahote (acting)
... - ... Dlodlu a Jalamba (acting)
... - ... Nginza a Mahote
... - 181. Bangela a Nginza
181. - 18.. Mantla a Mahote
18.. - Oct 1867 Botomani a Mantla
1867 - ... Fandala a Botomani

(10) amaHleke

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
... - ... Hleke a Ngconde
... - ... Mtshiza a Hleke
... - ... Mangxa a Mtshiza
... - ... Xili a Mangxa
... - 1818 Bini a Xili
1818 - 1825 Vasi a Mangxa (acting)
1825 - 1899 Jwara a Bini

(11) amaNtinde

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
... - ... Ntinde a Togu
... - ... Ngethani a Ntinde
*1779* Bange a Ngethani
... - ... Cika a Bange
... - 1825 Tshatshu a Cika
1825 - 28 Feb 1868 Dyani a Tshatshu
1868 - 1885 Mthikrakra a Dyani
1885 - ... Duku a Mthikrakra
... - 1906 Ziwengu a Duku
1906 - 1915 rulership suspended
1915 - 11 Jun 1941 Mgcawezulu a Nonqane
(acting to 1 Jul 1919)
1941 - 16 Sep 1946 Elizabeth Tshatshu (f) (acting)
16 Sep 1946 - Zwelitsha a Mgcawezulu

(12) amaGqunukhwebe

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
- amaGqunukhwebe dynasty -
... - 1793 Tshaka a Tyakha
1793 -3/7 Jan 1812 Cungwa a Tshaka
1812 - 1 Oct 1869 Phatho a Cungwa (deported 1858)
1 Oct 1869 - 14 Aug 1875 Kama a Cungwa
14 Aug 1875 - 1899 William Shaw a Kama
 


amaBhaca

 

  

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin

 

(until 1830 called abakwaZelemu)
Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
... - ... Zulu
... - ... Didi a Zulu
... - ... Vebi a Didi
... - ... Wabana a Vebi
... - 1806 Kalimeshe a Wabana
1806 - 1834 Madzikane a Kalimeshe
1834 - Jul 1845 Ncaphayi a Madzikane (acting)
Split into two ruling lines:
(1)
1845 - 18.. Mdutyana a Sonyangwe
18.. - 18.. Thiba a Sonyangwe (acting)
18.. - 18.. Cijisiwe a Mdutyana
Split into two ruling lines:
(1-1)
18.. - 1896 Nomtsheketshe a Mdutyana
1896 - 1925 Rolobile a Nomtsheketshe
1 Nov 1925 - 19 Jan 1945 Sikhanda Nomtsheketshe a Rolobile
1945 - 19.. Khutshiwe a Rolobile (acting)
19.. - 19.. Ngayibeki a Sikhanda
19.. - ... Msingpjantsi

(1-2)
18.. - ... Cijisiwe a Mdutyana
... - ... Bekukuphiwa a Cijisiwe
... - ... Nyongwana a Bekukuphiwa

(2)
1845 - 18.. Diko a Ncaphayi (acting)
*1872 - 1906 Makhaula a Ncaphayi
1906 - 23 May 1936 Mngcisana a Makhaula
23 May 1936 - 13 Mar 1937 Mziwamandla a Mngcisana
13 Mar 1937 - 25 Nov 1941 Nkevulane a Makhaula (acting)
25 Nov 1941 - Strachan Wabana Makhaula
a Mngcisana
 


amaPondo

 

  

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin

 


29 Oct 1867 divided into East amaPondo and West amaPondo
17 Mar 1894 incorporated into Cape Colony

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
- abaNyawuza dynasty -
... - ... Thahli a Dayeni
... - ... Nyanza a Thahli
... - 1820 Ngqungqushe a Nyanza
1820 - 29 Oct 1867 Fhaku a Ngqungqushe

(1) East amaPondo

29 Oct 1867 - 28 Oct 1887 Mqikela a Fhaku (b. 1831 - d. 1887)
15 Feb 1888 - 7 Aug 1905 Sigcau a Mqikela (b. 1858/60 - d. 1905)
Feb 1910 - 19.. Marelane a Sigcau
19.. - 1937 Mandlonke Sigcau a Marelane
1937 - 1 Dec 1978 Botha Sigcau a Mandlonke (b. 1913 - d. 1978)
1 Dec 1978 - Mpondombini Sigcau a Manzolwandle

(2) West amaPondo

1867 - 29 Aug 1876 Ndamase a Fhaku (b. 1805 - d. 1876)
29 Aug 1876 - 7 Nov 1899 Nqwiliso a Ndamase (b. c.1835 - d. 1899)
1899 - 1918 Dalindyebo
1918 - 1974 Victor Poto Ndamase a Bokleni (b. 1898 - d. 1974)
1974 - 21 Feb 1997 Tutor Nyangelizwe Vulindlela
Ndamase a Bokleni (b. 1921 - d. 1997)
1997 - 2001 Bhongolethu a Makhungu Dlamini
(f) (acting)
2001 - Ndamase Ndamase a Nyangelizwe (b. 1983)
 


amaPondomise

 

  

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin


22 Nov 1872 incorporated into Cape Colony

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
- amaMajola dynasty -
... - ... Sabe a Majola
... - ... Mti a Sabe
... - ... Qengebe a Mti
... - ... Gcwanya a Qengebe
... - ... Phahlo a Gcwanya
... - ... Mghabisi a Phahlo
... - ... Mgcambi a Mghabisi
... - ... Myeki a Mgcambi
... - 1850 Matiwana a Myeki
1850 - ... Mbhali a Myeki (acting)
... - 11 Dec 1912 Mhlontlo a Matiwana



abaThembu

 

   

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin


1875 incorporated into Cape Colony

Paramount chiefs (title Inkosi Enkhulu)
- amaHala dynasty -
... - ... Madiba a Hala
... - ... Thato a Madiba
... - 1756 Zondwa a Thato
(perhaps did not reign)
1756 - 1800 Ndaba a Zondwa
1800 - 10 Aug 1830 Vusani Ngubengcuka a Ndaba (b. c.1790 - d. 1830)
1830 - 1845 Fadana a Ndaba (acting)
1845 - 1849 Mthikrakra a Ngubengcuka (b. 1819 - d. 1849)
1849 - 1863 Joyi a Ngubengcuka (acting)
1863 - 31 Dec 1884 Qeya Ngangelizwe a Mthikrakra (b. 1840 - d. 1884)
1885 - 22 Apr 1920 Alava Dalindyebo a Ngangelizwe (b. 1865 - d. 1920)
1 Oct 1920 - 1 Oct 1924 Silimela a Ngangelizwe (acting)
1 Oct 1924 - 6 Jul 1928 Sampu Jongilizwe a Dalindyebo (b. 1902 - d. 1928)
7 Jul 1928 - 19 Aug 1942 Jongintaba David a Dalindyebo (b. ... - d. 1942)
(acting)
8 Jan 1943 - 30 Jun 1954 Dabulamanzi a Dalindyebo (acting)
30 Jun 1954 - 1980 Jonguhlanga Sabata Dalindyebo
a Jongilizwe (b. ... - d. 1986)
1980 - 1987 Albert Bambilanga Mtirara
Dalindyebo a Jongilizwe
Jun 1988 - May 1989 Zondwa Mtirara a Bambilanga
May 1989 - Bayelekhaya Zwelinbanzi Dalindyebo
a Sabata (b. 1964)
2000 - Noluntu (f)
(acting for Bayelekhaya)

 

kwaZulu

 

  

 

Photography - A. M. Duggan-Cronin


Note: Under this heading there are two precursor powers, Mthethwa and Ndwandwe; kwaZulu proper; and two Zulu-related entities, Qwabe and amaNgwane.


(1) Mthethwa

1824 incorporated into kwaZulu

Kings/Chiefs (title Nkosi)
... - 1753 Xaba
1753 - 1771 Madago ka Xaba
1771 - 1789 Khali ka Madago
1789 - 1807 Jobe ka Khali
1807 Mawewe ka Jobe
1807 - 1818 Nggodongwana Dingiswayo ka Jobe
1818 - 1824 Somveli ka Dingiswayo

(2) Ndwandwe

1826 incorporated into kwaZulu

Kings/Chiefs (title Nkosi)
... - 1805 Langa ka Xaba
1805 - 1824 Zwide ka Langa
1824 - Jn/Jl 1826 Sikhunyane ka Langa

(3) kwaZulu

Kings (title Inggonyama)
... - ... Malandela ka Luzumana
... - ... Ntombhela ka Malandela
1709 - 17.. Zulu ka Ntombhela
17.. - 17.. Ghumede ka Zulu
17.. - 1727 Phunga ka Zulu
1727 - 1745 Magheba ka Zulu
1745 - 1763 Ndaba ka Magheba
1763 - 1781 Jama ka Ndaba
1781 - 1816 Senzangakhona ka Jama (b. 1762 - d. 1816)
1816 Sighujana ka Senzangakhona (b. ... - d. 1816)
1816 - 23 Sep 1828 Shaka ka Senzangakhona (b. 1787 - d. 1828)
Nov 1828 - 29 Jan 1840 Dingane ka Senzangakhona (b. 1795 - d. 1840)
10 Feb 1840 - 18 Oct 1872 Mpande ka Senzangakhona (b. 1798 - d. 1872)
18 Oct 1872 - 28 Aug 1879 Cetshwayo ka Mpande (1st time) (b. 1832 - d. 1884)
28 Aug 1879 - 29 Jan 1883 Thirteen chiefs
- John Robert Dunn (b. 1833 - d. 1895)
- Hlubi (b. c.1835 - d. 1902)
- Faku
- Gawozi
- Mfanawendlela
- Mgitshwa
- Mlandela
(briefly driven out in 1882-83 by Usitimela)
- Mqonjama
- Ntshingiswao (b. ... - d. 1883)
- Sekethwayo (b. ... - d. 1883)
- Somkhele
- Uhamu ka Mpande
- Zibhebhu ka Maphitha (b. c.1841 - d. 1904)
29 Jan 1883 - 8 Feb 1884 Cetshwayo ka Mpande (2nd time) (s.a.)
(one part of the country under Zibhebhu ka Maphitho, s.a.)
21 May 1884 - 18 Oct 1913 Dinuzulu ka Cetshwayo (b. 1868 - d. 1913)
(not recognized by Cape Colony and South Africa as
Paramount Chief)
1 Nov 1913 - 4 Mar 1933 Salamoni Nkashiyana Maphumuzana
ka Dinuzulu (b. 1891 - d. 1933)
(recognized as Paramount Chief 1919)
2 Apr 1933 - 27 Aug 1948 Arthur Edward Mshiyeni Zulu ka
Dinuzulu (acting) (b. ... - d. 1953)
27 Aug 1948 - 17 Sep 1968 Cyprian Bhekuzulu Nyangayezizwe
ka Nkashiyana (b. 1925 - d. 1968)
(recognized as Paramount Chief 1951)
Nov 1968 - 3 Dec 1971 Israel Mcwayizeni Zulu
ka Nkashiyana (acting) (b. 1931 - d. 1999)
3 Dec 1971 - Goodwill Zwelithini ka Bhekuzulu (b. 1948)
 

 

Premier chiefs
[with Shaka] Ngomane Mthethwa
[with Dingane] Ndlela ka Sompisi Ntuli
[with Mpande] Masiphula ka Mamba Ntshangase
[with Cetshwayo] Mnyamana Buthelezi
[with Dinuzulu] Mankulumana ka Somaphunga Nxumalo

(4) Qwabe

1818 - 1829 annexed by kwaZulu
Dec 1829 incorporated into kwaZulu

Chiefs (title Nkosi)
... - ... Khondlo ka Mncinci
*1807 - 1818 Phakathwayo ka Khondlo
1829 - Dec 1829 Nqethoka ka Khondlo
 


(5)
amaNgwane

 

 

Photography - African Art Center - Durban


Chiefs (title Nkosi)
... - ... Masumpa
*1807 - 1829 Matiwane ka Masumpa
1829 - 18.. Masheba
*1849* Phuthini

 

 

Photography - African Art Center - Durban

 

 

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